Throughout Cape Breton, all emergency services are controlled through the Enhanced 911 system from the Regional Communications Centre. Cape Breton has support from the Nova Scotia Emergency Management Office (EMO); which is responsible for planning, preparedness training, and search and rescue operations.
There are two police services offered in Cape Breton and Mulgrave: the Cape Breton Regional Police Services, which service communities in the Cape Breton Regional Municipality, and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), which has approximately 8 police departments throughout the region. Both the Cape Breton Regional Police and RCMP are dispatched through the 911 system.
Cape Breton has approximately 53 registered Volunteer Fire Departments. There are three full-time service fire departments and 50 volunteer departments. Most departments in Cape Breton consist of on-call volunteers and training is mandatory for all members. This service is also dispatched through the 911 system
According to Canadian Business, Cape Breton is also ranked in the top third of “Canada’s Best Places to Live” in 2008 based on the crime rate.